Tracking Forums, Newsgroups, Maling Lists
Home Scripts Tutorials Tracker Forums
  Advanced Search
  HOME    TRACKER    mac


MacBook Pro :: Repair Disk Without Reinstalling OS X And Losing All Data?

So i used disk utility and tried to verify my HD... This is what i got:

"Verifying volume "Mac HD"
Performing live verification.
Checking Journaled HFS Plus volume.
Checking extents overflow file.
Checking catalog file.
Missing thread record (id = 1130345)
Incorrect number of thread records
Invalid volume file count
(It should be 576043 instead of 576054)
Checking extended attributes file.
Checking volume bitmap.
Checking volume information.

The volume Mac HD was found corrupt and needs to be repaired. Error: This disk needs to be repaired. Start up your computer with another disk (such as your Mac OS X installation disc), and then use Disk Utility to repair this disk." Is the any way that i can repair the disk without needing to install OS X new and losing all my data?

 MBP 2.33 GHz, 15-inch - iMac G5, 17-inch, 1.8 GHz PowerPC,
Mac OS X (10.5.8)

View 2 Replies (Posted: Apr 26, 2010)

Sponsored Links:

Related Forum Messages for Mac:
OS X Tiger :: How To Properly Repair Internal Disk Without Losing Data?
I have a PowerBook G4 that reports having errors when I run Disk Utility (DU) and DU is unable to repair those errors. I have Disk Warrior but, when I attempted to run it, I couldn't as I was attempting to repair the same (internal HD) disk that was also being used as the start-up disk (Duh!).So, what I have done now is created a bootable, carbon copy of my internal HD with SuperDuper! on an external, portable Seagate drive.

restart my PowerBook in Target Disk Mode,
select my portable Seagate drive to be the start-up disk,
insert the DiskWarrior CD into the laptop, and
select my internal HD to be repaired?

I'm a bit terrified at the prospect of doing this but I'd rather be proactive then wait for my HD drive to crash.

PowerBook G4, iMac
Mac OS X (10.4.11)

Posted: May 5, 2009

View 2 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Can't Access Data, Nor Repair Disk But Can The HDD / BSOD
Today I was verifying disc permissions and my machine froze for 10 mins so I held the power key down to restart. Normal until blue screen. Blue screen changed brightness but that was it. No start up. I turned off again- same result.

mbp 17" 2.8

Posted: May 15, 2010

View 5 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Stopped Booting Up / Disk Repair Fails - How To Backup Data
My MacBook Pro 2011 stopped booting up. Shows just a white screen. I can get to utilities but disk repair fails, asking me to back up and format / restore the hard drive. How do I back up my data to an external drive?

MacBook Pro, Mac OS X (10.7.4)

Posted: Jun 14, 2012

View 1 Replies!   View Related
OS X :: Best Third Party Disk Utility/disk Repair/data Recover Type Of App?
One of my drives is showing issues that Disk Utility isn't catching or can't find. I've heard about Diskwarrior, iDefrag, Drive Genius, etc... but which one is the most comprehensive, is there a "best of breed" disk app out there or one that does more than the others?

Posted: Aug 3, 2010

View 3 Replies!   View Related
OS X :: Resizing Hard Disk Partition Without Losing Data?
I would never opened a topic like this if I had not a similar experience with expanding 'dmg' in the past!
A truly bad experience! It is supposed that using 'disk utility' I can resize-expand-make bigger any dmg file. Every time I tried it, it was a totally fail process.The 'disk image' dmg did not resized at all.
I do not know why, it just happened to me many times.

Does anyone had similar experience? Any solution to this? So if I have a dmg that need to be bigger, I create a new one from scratch and I copy paste files from the old dmg.I need to do the same with hard disk partitions, using disk utility once again. I need to resize my hard disk partitions.Does this process works well as it should be, or it is a bad-implemented feature?

Posted: Feb 28, 2010

View 2 Replies!   View Related
OS X Leopard :: How To Partition External Disk Drive Without Losing Data
Some time ago, after installing Parallels, my external disk drive lost one of the two HFS+ partitions it had (465 GB total, 50% one and 50% the other). Now, after having sent it to assistance, the technicians have recovered all possible data, with one issue: they have created a NTFS partition with all recovered data. The external disk drive is now as shown on: [URL]. I want to save the data contained in the first partition and partition the disk with two HFS+ partitions (60% and 40% of the disk space, particularly). In other words, I need to Convert (from NTFS to HFS+) and Resize (from 50% to 60%) the first partition and MAKE (40% of disk space) another HFS+ partition without losing data. I do not have sufficient disk space in my MacBook Pro's HDD to move all data from the external disk drive to it, create a new partition and then move all data to the new partition again.

MacBook Pro
Mac OS X (10.5.6)
2,16 GHz Intel Core 2 Duo, 1 GB 667 MHz RAM

Posted: Feb 15, 2009

View 4 Replies!   View Related
Snow Leopard :: Partition Without Losing Data Using Disk Utility
If I use Disk Utility to partition an external HD is there any way to do that without losing the data that's already on it?

Mac OS X (10.6)

Posted: Apr 29, 2010

View 1 Replies!   View Related
OS X :: Running Repair Disk Utility Results In Data Loss
Will I lose my settings, programs, and preferences, if I boot from the system discs and run a Repair Disk from Disk Utility? I've been having some startup problems, like a circle with a slash and it's been mentioned that I may need to do this.

Posted: May 19, 2009

View 8 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Sync Iphone To It Without Losing All Of Data?
How do I sync my Iphone to my new Macbook Pro without losing all of my data?

Posted: May 12, 2012

View 2 Replies!   View Related
Snow Leopard :: Reinstalling OS X Without Losing Any Stuff
Someone advised me recently to do a reinstall of Snow Leopard as the only way of fixing some very very odd system behaviour (file system regularly freezing up). It was said that installing over my current running copy of SL would leave all files except those system ones intact and no data loss would incur. Basically I do not have enough room to back all my data up on external drives and would like to know if this is in fact true, that even system folders (content in for example "Sites" or "Pictures" or "Music" remains untouched? Will App preference files also be left alone or will I need to reinstall my Apps after this install? Snow Leopard, on a 128GB M225 Crucial SSD in a MacPro3,1.

Mac Pro (early 2008)
Mac OS X (10.6.1)
Dual Quad 2,8Ghz / GeForce 8800GT / 16GB RAM / Boot: 128GB Crucial SSD

Posted: Mar 23, 2010

View 21 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: How Do I Run A Disk Repair From The MAC OS X Install Disk?
When I run the "verify disk", I get a window telling me the disk needs to be repaired (insert install disk and restart computer then repair using install disk). After doing this and going back to the disk utility, the "repair disk" option is still grayed out.

Macbook Pro 17 i7, iPhone 4 32GB, iPad 64GB 3G, Time Capsule 1TB
Mac OS X (10.6.4)
500/7200 seagate ext HD 500/7200 Firewire 800 G-Drive ext HD

Posted: Nov 12, 2010

View 1 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Cannot Reinstall Lion Or Repair Disk Cause Disk Is Locked
I just tried to use my MacBook pro but its showing a loading bar and it loads for like 5% and then shuts down.I read the instruction booklet and it says that I should tried to repair the disk or reinstall Lion but when I tried to repair it stops the process and when I try to reinstall its telling me that the disk is Locked...

MacBook Pro, Mac OS X (10.7.2)

Posted: May 8, 2012

View 1 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Hard Drive Corruption In Disk Utility / Unable To Repair Disk
I'm having an odd error. Disk utilities is reporting my disk is corrupt. I just got the macbook 2010 model with the upgraded non ssd drive.It says its corrupt and I need to do a repair disk through the install disk and it says it cant due to a corruption. But if i run tech tool it says everything is fine. is this because Ilet my batter run out while it was in sleep mode?

I don't think anything is wrong with the computer as it doesnt slow down or freeze, just in disk utils.
should I get Apple to replace the drive?

MBP 17 i7
Mac OS X (10.6.4)

Posted: Aug 7, 2010

View 2 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Disk Stuck In The Disk Drive - How To Repair It
I did not read the instruction manual for my mac so I had no idea that you were not able to place small disks into the disk drive. I have tried using the eject button but it does not work.

Macbook Pro
Mac OS X (10.6.3)

Posted: Jul 7, 2010

View 8 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Losing Disk Space - How To Clear It
I have a 2009 MacBook Pro running Leopard with a 500 GB drive.

I seem to be losing hard disk space for no reason while web surfing in about 500 MB chunks. I tried emptying the trash, clearing the safari cache and history, and all that returned was about 200 MB.

Since I noticed this a week ago I've been keeping track, and have lost 4.5 GB of space for no reason.

I'm not adding files nor running time machine or some other backup that's constantly creating a disk image.

Posted: Mar 8, 2010

View 7 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Air :: MBA Won't Reboot From Remote Disk To Reach Disk Utility And Repair The Disk?
After a routine disk repair session, it advised me that I need to repair the disk on my MBA. A few months ago it was the same, and I did it quite successfully without any problems, according to instructions: inserted the MacOS 10.6 DVD into the iMac optical drive, launched Remote Install OS, and so on. However, now my MacBook Air refuses to boot from the remote disk, so that I can reach the Disk Utility and proceed to repair disk. It sees the remote DVD Installer disk, I connect to my home WiFi, and I choose reboot from the Install DVD disk. An Apple logo appears on a grey screen with a small globe spinning below, but after a some lengthy minutes it always reboots normally!!! It seems I tried everything many times to no avail.

iMac 24", 2.8 Ghz
Mac OS X (10.6.3)
Mac Book Air 1.6 GHz, Mac OS X 10.6.3, TC, PB G4-10.4.11, APE, iPhone 3GS 32GB

Posted: Aug 11, 2010

View 4 Replies!   View Related
OS X :: Is Reinstalling Last Option - How To Repair
i have just tried a legal version on final cut pro 7 and it runs very slow on my macbook pro. and so does my mac after i close the program and i mean very slow like it takes five mins for my curser to make the icons pop up.

i have run disk warrior and though i cant run the repair disk as it is my start up disk. but i did run the graph on disk warrior and it shows that my disk is 42% ineffective.

Posted: Feb 16, 2010

View 9 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Securing Data And Info Before Repair
Need to take my MBP to the Apple Store tomorrow to have it looked at because of a dodgy graphics card. It is more that likely that I'll need to leave it with them. I guess that I can't short of backing-up and wiping the data but how can I secure the information on it? There's nothing on there that shouldn't be but I don't want people having access to my photo's, letters etc even for a quick nosey browse.

17" i7 MacBookPro 8GB
Mac OS X (10.6.4)
7200 Hard Disk

Posted: Sep 22, 2010

View 2 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Hard-disk Is Full - Start It Without Losing Files (pictures Etc)?
How can can i start my MBP without losing files (pictures etc)

MacBook Pro

Posted: Mar 29, 2012

View 1 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Losing A Lot Of Hard Disk Memory (50gb) - How To Get Back This Space
Recently my Macbook Pro has been losing memory.

2 days ago i had around 50gb available of free memory, (of a 250gb drive) and its been gradually decreasing since then. Now its down to 3.45gb.

Any ideas how i can solve this problem/find out what's taking up so much space?

Its causing a lot of hassle, and i presume the lack of space is the cause of recent slowness as well.

Macbook Pro 15
Mac OS X (10.5.8)

Posted: Dec 2, 2009

View 3 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Lion On Ssd Crashed - Disk Utility 'cannot Repair The Disk'
Fortunately I got a time machine backup. And its restoring the drive while in Lion recovery mode. Here's what happened... I dont have a router a my place at the moment and so my two phones (iphone 4 and htc android) connect to my internet using my MBP's wifi via internet sharig. For some reason they were not able to get an IP from the mbp. After doing some wifi swtich toggles and forgettig & rejoining the network, i decided to reboot all my devices. I shut down my modem, phones and restarted my mbp. On reboot, after the chime, it showed an unsusal 'progress bar' under the apple logo. The bar progressed to about 10% and then the mbp just powered off. This happened several times even after PRAM and SMC reset.  

So now i booted with cmd+r pressed and in recovery mode ran a 'verify disk'. It said the verification stopped and that i should repair the disk. When i tried to do that it said the disk cannot be repaird and that i should back up as many files as possible and attempt to format the disk and restore it with time machine. It is precisely what im doing at the moment.  

1. Mbp wont sleep even when internet sharing is off

2. Mbp wont lit the onboard display upon opening it in clamshell mode until i removed the 3.5mm audio cable of my speakers from the audio out port! 

MacBook Pro, Mac OS X (10.7.3), Mid 2010

Posted: Apr 25, 2012

View 5 Replies!   View Related
OS X V10.6 Snow Leopard :: Why Doesn't Repair Disk Permissions Repair All Disk Permissions
Disk Utility says there are a bunch of disk permissions that need repairing. I hit repair and disk utility says that it repaired those disk permissions. But when I verify, it says they still need to be repaired.

Mini 2.4Ghz, Mac OS X (10.6.8)

Posted: Jun 2, 2012

View 1 Replies!   View Related
MacBook :: Partition External Hard Drive Without Losing Data?
How do I partition my external hard drive without losing the data already on it? I've been using it with Time Machine on my old computer, but want to use it as a regular drag-and-drop type back up on my new computer. Is there any way to basically split the hard drive so I can still access the Time Machine backups on my old computer, but also be able to use it with my new mac?

MacBook Pro, Mac OS X (10.6.8)

Posted: Jun 25, 2012

View 2 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: What To Do When Repair Disk Not Working
Model Name:MacBook Pro
Model Identifier:MacBookPro3,1
Processor Name:Intel Core 2 Duo
Processor Speed:2.4 GHz
Number Of Processors:1
Total Number Of Cores:2
L2 Cache:4 MB
Memory:2 GB
Bus Speed:800 MHz
Boot ROM Version:MBP31.0070.B07
SMC Version (system):1.16f11
Serial Number (system):W87422DCYAM
Hardware UUID:00000000-0000-1000-8000-001B63A49B75
OS X 10.5.8

I am unable to use my OS X disks to boot from. The DVD drive tries to read and then ejects them. Blank DVD's can be formatted and written. The text below is what repair disk reports: ACL found but not expected on "Applications/Utilities". Permissions repair complete

Posted: Sep 2, 2010

View 8 Replies!   View Related
Mac Pro :: Need To Repair Disk But Disk Utility Won't Allow?
I live in France and my nearest authorized dealer is 200 miles away, so I've been on the phone with support a couple of times and gone through various hoops.

Two days ago, my hard drive (or CPU?) started acting up. My Macbook Pro (bought May 07, 2.16 GHz, running 10.4.11) took a long time to boot, and then my desktop image appeared as a fragment along the top of the screen. Various processes started to hang the machine, during which time a repetitive sequence of ticking could be heard from inside the machine until whatever was wrong resolved itself. There were no program crashes and in fact the machine operated fine inbetween these hangs. I ran an extended hardware test, no problems there. Disk Utility, however, would not complete its verification, saying "the underlying task reported failure on exit". It stated that the HD needed to be repaired. However, the "repair disk" button was greyed out, disallowing the repair.

TechTool showed the directory scan failed, as did the volume structure test.

I tried numerous times to Safeboot, but the computer crashed (simply turned off suddenly) midway into the boot each time.

Apple Support had me zap the PRAM, clear the caches, and do that 15-second power-button thing with the battery out. All the log-in items that might have been slowing the boot were removed. This succeeded in getting the machine to boot faster and the desktop image returned.

However, both Verify Disk and TechTool showed the same problems, saying the disk needs to be repaired.

I have since backed everything up and would like to try to resolve this myself rather than driving it to the service centre. What are my next steps? I'd like to somehow avoid a clean install and have to reload everything

Posted: Feb 3, 2009

View 5 Replies!   View Related
MacBook :: When I Reboot My Machine And Run Disk Utility And Choose Repair Disk, It Hangs?
I am trying to repair my disk so I can install bootcamp, but when I reboot my machine and run disk utility and choose repair disk, it hangs. Does anyone have any ideas ?

Posted: Nov 25, 2009

View 8 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Disk Utility Constantly Asking To Repair?
I've done repairs 3 times but after a few days I'll run Disk Utility again and it says the same thing again.

Is this a sign of a fault, future issues or is it just something she's doing?

Posted: Jun 30, 2010

View 2 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Unable To Repair Disk Using Its Utility
Lately, my MacBook Pro (mid 2010) started to slow down even with over 60% disk space is empty and max RAM is installed. It gets slow when using hungry programs such as Photoshop CS5.

I used the disk utility first aid and fixed all permissions that were shown with errors. When scanning the disk, I received the message that my disk is corrupt and I need to fix by restarting with command+R keys pressed until the apple symbol is displayed. When the next window shows up, choose disk utility and go from there to fix the disk.

When I performed that, I let go of the Command+R keys after the apple logo came up, the only thing that came up after that was a grey circle with a diagonal line through it and a spinning clock.

Info:MacBookPro, Mac OS X (10.7.3)

Posted: Mar 14, 2012

View 3 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Can't Repair Disk After Upgrade To 10.7.4
After upgrade to 10.7.4 my MacBook Pro booting properly. But If I try check of disk by disk utility, then this finished by error message (disk need repair). When I boot to repair partion and use disk utility, everything looks OK. But when I booting back to Lion, disk utility still reported disk neet repair. I am a confused... I using FileVault.

MacBook Pro

Posted: May 10, 2012

View 1 Replies!   View Related
OS X :: Sector Repair Without Losing The Entire Drive?
I have a 2 year old external HD (Samsung HD753LJ), which has 3 partitions. One for my TM backups, the other with just straight data and a FAT partition for WIn compatibility.

This evening while reading some files off the non-TM partition, I noticed the drive 'ticking' and then got a read error.

I ran up Drive Genius-2 and it found 3 bad sectors. I'm not too worried about the file as I can replace it, however I was unable to find a way to repair the sectors without destroying the entire drive's contents.

My questions are as follows:

How can I do a non-destructive sector repair without losing the entire drive?

If yes, can anybody tell me what software I should use?

Should I be replacing the drive even if only 3 sectors have gone bad?

Posted: Oct 2, 2009

View 14 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Air :: Unwanted Files To Free Up Disk Space - Disk Utility Only Allows To Repair File Permissions
I got a MBA and is there an application like diskcleanup on windows to get rid of temp files and other sort of unwanted files to free up my disk space. Disk utility only allows you to repair file permissions.

Here is the math
MBA - 74.21GB
Used space - 38.2GB
Free space - 36.1GB

But I counted everything I have on my MBA using get info and to adds up to 20GB, I'm sure I can get another 3-5GB free using some app or trick.

Posted: Aug 20, 2008

View 2 Replies!   View Related
MacBook :: Disk Utility Can't Repair Disk
I just saw that the amount of memory left on my HD just dropped around 60GB, so I used the "Verify Disk" option on Disk Utility, and the output was: Verifying volume “Macintosh HD”Performing live verification.Checking Journaled HFS Plus volume.Checking extents overflow file.Checking catalog file.Checking multi-linked files.Checking catalog hierarchy.Checking extended attributes file.Checking volume bitmap.Checking volume information.Volume header needs minor repairThe volume Macintosh HD was found corrupt and needs to be repaired.Error: This disk needs to be repaired. Start up your computer with another disk(such as your Mac OS X installation disc), and then use Disk Utility to repair this disk. 

I don't have the disk right now, so is there some other way I can repair it, get another install disk, or anything else? I've been thinking of booting up with a Linux livecd, but can it access the HFS+ filesystem? 

MacBook, Mac OS X (10.6.8)

Posted: Mar 12, 2012

View 2 Replies!   View Related
OS X Leopard :: Repair Disk Permissions - Error (File System Verify Or Repair Failed)
Today I installed some software and then ran 'repair disk permissions' to check that all was in order - which it was. However, my finger slipped (I actually find the new trackpad quite inaccurate from time to time but I guess that's my fault)- instead of closing Disk Utility I clicked on Verify Disk. I thought I would let it run its course ... imagine my surprise when this was the result ..

2.4GHz 13 inch MacBook + 2GHz PPC G5 20-inch iMac G5 (ALS)
Mac OS X (10.5.5)
1.42GHz G4 Mini; 12-inch G4PowerBook; 500GB Lacie f/w hd; Video iPod; iPod mini;

Posted: Jan 30, 2009

View 8 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Kernel Panic On Start Up - Disk Repair Fails
My daughter's MBP (3 months old) is kernel panic'ing right after start up. I have tried starting up in single user mode and running fsk, but the panic seems to affect this as well. Upon running disk utility from the 10.6 installer, the machine fails upon repair. Incorrect number of blocks, is what it says, I believe. Her backup is a few weeks old, and I'm "cp -r" all her user files to another drive via Terminal from the installer disk. The copies appear fine, and the machine has run all night.

I'm in the process of upgrading my version of Disk Warrior (Tiger -> Snow Leopard compatible), but any ideas if this is something that I should simply take into the Apple store for repair, as I typically don't see Kernel Panics in machines that new. BTW, the machine is covered under AppleCare, however, my daughter is quite attached to the machine and would like it not to go away for long.

multiple machines - G5/MBP/MB/iphones/ipods/etc.
Mac OS X (10.6.2)

Posted: Mar 2, 2010

View 4 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: External HD Will Not Mount - Error Message To Repair Disk
Using a WD 320 GB external Passport HD as my Time Machine backup drive. It no longer appears in Finder and Time Machine cannot backup. Normally I use the firewire port but it also has a USB connection.

Read some posts here and tried a few troubleshooting ideas without any success.
1- Finder does not show the drive with either firewire or USB connection (but the USB connection does works with another WD ext backup drive)
2- The ext WD HD appears in System Profiler and Disk Utility (with either type of connection), but not in Finder.
3- I cannot mount the drive in Disk Utility. The error message states to repair the disk and try again
4- "Repair disk" finds no problems, but drive still will not mount and same error message appears.

MACbook Pro

Posted: Jul 29, 2010

View 1 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Disk Repair Is Taking Ages To Read Permissions Database?
I had posted a few days ago about a problem with my optical drive not burning through Toast or any burn software except finder and itunes. Lately, the softwares either reported errors, quit unexpectedly, froze and even caused kernel panics.

So I thought of using disk utility to repair disk permissions, maybe something went wrong because I know for a fact that the optical drive is fine as long as it burns with other options.

I attempted verify and repair disk permissions but each stays ages to just do "reading permissions database".

My HD is a western digital 500GB that was replaced upon purchase of my MacBook Pro at apple in Egypt. So I know it's something reliable and done properly.

All apart that is going fine except this issue with Toast burning and the inability to do a repair/verify disk.

MacBook Pro 15" 2.4GHz, 4GB RAM, 500GB HD
Mac OS X (10.5.6)
iPhone 3G 8GB - iPod Classic 160GB - iPod Shuffle 2nd Gen

Posted: May 15, 2009

View 4 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Running Disk Utility To Repair The Drive Will All Files Be Deleted?
I'm trying to install Windows 7 on my mac. I'm using bootcamp assistant to try and partition my hard drive, but it gives me an error saying it cannot partition it because of unmovable files or something along those lines. Is there any way to get around it, and if I do use my OSX install disk and run disk utility to repair the drive will my files be deleted?

Posted: Nov 9, 2010

View 4 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Disk Utilities: Storage System Verify Or Repair Fail?
The Verify failed when checking the drive at the physical disk level, but the main volumes passed.Is this "normal", i.e. should I just be checking the volumes?

MacBook Pro (13-inch Early 2011), Mac OS X (10.7.3)

Posted: May 12, 2012

View 2 Replies!   View Related
MacBook Pro :: Repair Disks But Don't Have Correct Install Disk?
I purchased my MacBook Pro in 2010 and it came with 10.6. Several months ago I upgraded via app store download to 10.7.2. My computer is starting up pretty slow and a little sludgy right now and I need to do a disk repair but am not sure how. Before I would just boot from the CD, but I only have the 10.6 CD that came with my computer, I don't have the 10.7 CD.

MacBook Pro

Posted: May 26, 2012

View 4 Replies!   View Related
Copyright 2005-08, All rights reserved